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Facts About Armenia | Armenia Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Armenia - Category: Introduction - Background: Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in an estimated 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Muslim Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey imposed an economic blockade on Armenia and closed the common border because of the Armenian separatists' control of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas.

Category: Government - National holiday: Independence Day, 21 September (1991)

Category: People - Median age (years): total: 31.1 years; male: 28.4 years; female: 34 years (2008 estimate)

Category: Economy - Exchange rates: drams (AMD) per US dollar - 303.93 (2008 est.), 344.06 (2007), 414.69 (2006), 457.69 (2005), 533.45 (2004)

Category: Geography - Climate: highland continental, hot summers, cold winters

Category: Transportation - Airports - with paved runways: total: 10; over 3,047 m: 2; 2,438 to 3,047 m: 2; 1,524 to 2,437 m: 4; 914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)

Category: Communications - Internet hosts: 26,081 (2008)

Category: Military - Military branches: Armed Forces: Ground Forces, Air Force and Air Defense, Nagorno-Karabakh Self Defense Force (NKSDF) (2009)

Category: Transnational Issues - Illicit drugs: illicit cultivation of small amount of cannabis for domestic consumption; minor transit point for illicit drugs - mostly opium and hashish - moving from Southwest Asia to Russia and to a lesser extent the rest of Europe

Other random facts about Armenia 

  1. Government - Capital: name: Yerevan; geographic coordinates: 40 10 N, 44 30 E; time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time); daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

  2. Economy - Natural gas - production (cu m): 0 cu m (2007 estimate)

  3. Economy - Budget: revenues: .438 billion; expenditures: .696 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2008 estimate)

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook